Clojure Create Local variables with Let

Clojure Create Local variables with Let
0

#1

let is a fundamental part of Clojure. Whereas def creates a global variable, let creates a local variable.

(def x 5)
(println x)
; => 5
;    nil
(let [x 2]
  (println x))
; => 2
;    nil
(println x)
; => 5
;    nil

:rocket: IDEOne it!

x in this example never actually gets changed. x just refers to something different inside of our let binding. This can be a useful way to avoid repetition inside a function.

This is incredibly useful. Having too many global variables can lead to nasty bugs and unintended behaviour.

(def x 5)
(defn add-5 [y] (+ x y))
(add-5 5)
; => 10
(defn change-x []
  (def x 6))
(change-x)
; => nil
(add-5 5)
; => 11

:rocket: IDEOne it!

Uh oh! That’s not adding 5 anymore! Of course, this example is a bit silly, but using too many global variables can lead to bugs that are just as scary as this one.

Note: We aren’t really reassigning x here, like you would in a C-like language. We’re just creating a new variable that happens to also be called x. This is a very, very, very bad idea.

Multiple Bindings

let can also define multiple variables at once, and can assign variables to expressions.

(let [spam "foo"
      ham (str "b" "ar")] ; str is a function that concatenates strings
  (println spam ham))      ; or converts variables into strings.
; => foo bar
;    nil

:rocket: IDEOne it!

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#2