General question about advantage of React

Tell us what’s happening:
The description of this challenge talks about how React is helpful for maintaing complex project. In this example, we created a page with two headers and an unordered list. I’m confused how React is helping in this instance, since I could have created the same content with much less lines of code like this:

<h1>Types of Food</h1>
<h2>Fruits:</h1>
<ul>
<li>Apples</li>
<li>Blueberries</li>
<li>Strawberries</li>
<li>Bananas</li>
</ul>

So how is React helpful if it requires you to write more code?

Your code so far


const TypesOfFruit = () => {
  return (
    <div>
      <h2>Fruits:</h2>
      <ul>
        <li>Apples</li>
        <li>Blueberries</li>
        <li>Strawberries</li>
        <li>Bananas</li>
      </ul>
    </div>
  );
};

const Fruits = () => {
  return (
    <div>
      { /* change code below this line */ }
      <TypesOfFruit />
      { /* change code above this line */ }
    </div>
  );
};

class TypesOfFood extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <h1>Types of Food:</h1>
        { /* change code below this line */ }
        <Fruits />
        { /* change code above this line */ }
      </div>
    );
  }
};

Your browser information:

User Agent is: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/70.0.3538.102 Safari/537.36.

Link to the challenge:
https://learn.freecodecamp.org/front-end-libraries/react/use-react-to-render-nested-components