How do I know if I can get a job as a self-taught programmer in my country?

is there a way to get a good idea of how will my chances look like after months of full-time learning and building projects?

I’m from Israel btw

One way would be to navigate through the job boards in your country, search for Web/ Web Application/Software Developer roles or google for the same jobs near you and take a look at their job descriptions as to whether they demand any kind of degree in tech or even welcome candidates who are self-taught and have a good project portfolio and/ or equivalent experience.

It depends.
Your country might have a national organization that tracks data and statistics about hiring trends. Another approach would be to try to contact a recruiter and ask them.