Implementation of Social Authentication III - Where is the db collection created

In the social auth exercise the db collection ‘social users’ is referenced but where is it created?

'use strict';

const express     = require('express');
const bodyParser  = require('body-parser');
const fccTesting  = require('./freeCodeCamp/fcctesting.js');
const session     = require('express-session');
const mongo       = require('mongodb').MongoClient;
const passport    = require('passport');
const GitHubStrategy = require('passport-github').Strategy;

const app = express();

fccTesting(app); //For FCC testing purposes

app.use('/public', express.static(process.cwd() + '/public'));
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true }));

app.set('view engine', 'pug')

mongo.connect(process.env.DATABASE, (err, db) => {
    if(err) {
        console.log('Database error: ' + err);
    } else {
        console.log('Successful database connection');
      
        app.use(session({
          secret: process.env.SESSION_SECRET,
          resave: true,
          saveUninitialized: true,
        }));
        app.use(passport.initialize());
        app.use(passport.session());
      
        function ensureAuthenticated(req, res, next) {
          if (req.isAuthenticated()) {
              return next();
          }
          res.redirect('/');
        };

        passport.serializeUser((user, done) => {
          done(null, user.id);
        });

        passport.deserializeUser((id, done) => {
            db.collection('socialusers').findOne(
                {id: id},
                (err, doc) => {
                    done(null, doc);
                }
            );
        });

      
        /*
        *  ADD YOUR CODE BELOW
        */
      
      
        passport.use(new GitHubStrategy({
            clientID: process.env.GITHUB_CLIENT_ID,
            clientSecret: process.env.GITHUB_CLIENT_SECRET,
            callbackURL: "https://guttural-birch.gomix.me/auth/github/callback"
          },
          function(accessToken, refreshToken, profile, cb) {
              console.log(profile);
              db.collection('socialusers').findAndModify(
                  {id: profile.id},
                  {},
                  {$setOnInsert:{
                      id: profile.id,
                      name: profile.displayName || 'John Doe',
                      photo: profile.photos[0].value || '',
                      email: profile.emails[0].value || 'No public email',
                      created_on: new Date(),
                      provider: profile.provider || ''
                  },$set:{
                      last_login: new Date()
                  },$inc:{
                      login_count: 1
                  }},
                  {upsert:true, new: true}, //Insert object if not found, Return new object after modify
                  (err, doc) => {
                      return cb(null, doc.value);
                  }
              );
            }
        ));
      
        app.route('/auth/github')
          .get(passport.authenticate('github'));
      
        app.route('/auth/github/callback')
          .get(passport.authenticate('github', { failureRedirect: '/' }), (req,res) => {
              res.redirect('/profile');
          });
      
        /*
        *  ADD YOUR CODE ABOVE
        */
      
      
        app.route('/')
          .get((req, res) => {
            res.render(process.cwd() + '/views/pug/index');
          });

        app.route('/profile')
          .get(ensureAuthenticated, (req, res) => {
               res.render(process.cwd() + '/views/pug/profile', {user: req.user});
          });

        app.route('/logout')
          .get((req, res) => {
              req.logout();
              res.redirect('/');
          });

        app.use((req, res, next) => {
          res.status(404)
            .type('text')
            .send('Not Found');
        });
      
        app.listen(process.env.PORT || 3000, () => {
          console.log("Listening on port " + process.env.PORT);
        });  
}});

1 Like

mongoDB implicitly creates a collection if it doesn’t exist, supplying the name of the collection and applying a method on it is sufficient to create it, you can, for instance, create a collection by just using the insert method, example

db.red.insert({ x: "red" })

will create a collection called red and insert the document, even if the collection does not exist yet. If you want to have more control of the collection created then you can use db.createCollection()
https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/method/db.createCollection/

3 Likes