JavaScript Array.prototype.filter()

JavaScript Array.prototype.filter()
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The filter() method creates a new array with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function

arr.filter(callback[, thisArg])

filter() Parameters

     | Parameter | Description

-------- | --------- | -------------------------------------------------
Required | arr | Array being filtered
Required | callback | Function with 3 arguments (element, index, array)
Optional | thisArg | Value of this while executing callback

Return: A new array that contains all the values for which the callback function returns true. If the callback function returns false for all elements of arr, the length of the new array is 0.

MDN link | MSDN link

Callback Parameters

     | Parameter | Description

-------- | --------- | ---------------------------------------
Optional | element | current element of array being filtered
Optional | index | current index of array being filtered
Optional | array | current array being filtered

Examples

// Define a callback function.
function CheckIfPrime(value, index, ar) {
    high = Math.floor(Math.sqrt(value)) + 1;

    for (var div = 2; div <= high; div++) {
        if (value % div == 0) {
            return false;
        }
    } 
    return true;
}

// Create the original array.
var numbers = [31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53];

// Get the prime numbers that are in the original array. 
var primes = numbers.filter(CheckIfPrime);

document.write(primes);
// Output: 31,37,41,43,47,53
// Create the original array.
var arr = [5, "element", 10, "the", true];

// Create an array that contains the string
// values that are in the original array.
var result = arr.filter(
    function (value) {
        return (typeof value === 'string');
    }
);

document.write(result);
// Output: element, the

Hit a roadblock with the JavaScript Basic Algorithm Challenges
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