Learn HTML by Building a Cat Photo App - Step 69

Tell us what’s happening:
Describe your issue in detail here.
I understand how to do the code, but I don’t understand what is meta, and charset. What does it do? and what is the value/attribute for?
Your code so far

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang="en">
  <head>
    
    <title>CatPhotoApp</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <main>
      <h1>CatPhotoApp</h1>
      <section>
        <h2>Cat Photos</h2>
        <!-- TODO: Add link to cat photos -->
        <p>Click here to view more <a target="_blank" href="https://freecatphotoapp.com">cat photos</a>.</p>
        <a href="https://freecatphotoapp.com"><img src="https://cdn.freecodecamp.org/curriculum/cat-photo-app/relaxing-cat.jpg" alt="A cute orange cat lying on its back."></a>
      </section>
      <section>
        <h2>Cat Lists</h2>
        <h3>Things cats love:</h3>
        <ul>
          <li>cat nip</li>
          <li>laser pointers</li>
          <li>lasagna</li>
        </ul>
        <figure>
          <img src="https://cdn.freecodecamp.org/curriculum/cat-photo-app/lasagna.jpg" alt="A slice of lasagna on a plate.">
          <figcaption>Cats <em>love</em> lasagna.</figcaption>  
        </figure>
        <h3>Top 3 things cats hate:</h3>
        <ol>
          <li>flea treatment</li>
          <li>thunder</li>
          <li>other cats</li>
        </ol>
        <figure>
          <img src="https://cdn.freecodecamp.org/curriculum/cat-photo-app/cats.jpg" alt="Five cats looking around a field.">
          <figcaption>Cats <strong>hate</strong> other cats.</figcaption>  
        </figure>
      </section>
      <section>
        <h2>Cat Form</h2>
        <form action="https://freecatphotoapp.com/submit-cat-photo">
          <fieldset>
            <legend>Is your cat an indoor or outdoor cat?</legend>
            <label><input id="indoor" type="radio" name="indoor-outdoor" value="indoor" checked> Indoor</label>
            <label><input id="outdoor" type="radio" name="indoor-outdoor" value="outdoor"> Outdoor</label>
          </fieldset>
          <fieldset>
            <legend>What's your cat's personality?</legend>
            <input id="loving" type="checkbox" name="personality" value="loving" checked> <label for="loving">Loving</label>
            <input id="lazy" type="checkbox" name="personality" value="lazy"> <label for="lazy">Lazy</label>
            <input id="energetic" type="checkbox" name="personality" value="energetic"> <label for="energetic">Energetic</label>
          </fieldset>
          <input type="text" name="catphotourl" placeholder="cat photo URL" required>
          <button type="submit">Submit</button>
        </form>
      </section>
    </main>
    <footer>
      <p>
        No Copyright - <a href="https://www.freecodecamp.org">freeCodeCamp.org</a>
      </p>
    </footer>
  </body>
</html>

Your browser information:

User Agent is: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_15_7) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/108.0.0.0 Safari/537.36

Challenge: Learn HTML by Building a Cat Photo App - Step 69

Link to the challenge:

the response is in the exercise:

You can set browser behavior by adding self-closing meta elements in the head. Here’s an example:

<meta attribute="value">

Tell the browser to parse the markup into multiple languages by creating a meta element as a child of the head element. Set its charset attribute to UTF-8.

So what this means is that the meta element is something that “sets the browser behavior”.
And depending on what you put in it, the behavior of the browser will change.
So for the charset attribute for eg. “tell the browser to parse the markup into multiple languages [if you set it to] UTF-8”.

Does that make sense?
meta => tells the browser how to behave
charset attribute inside meta => tells the browser what language your html code is using

Yes, it makes sense, thank you! How about content, http-equiv, and name? What do these mean?

For the others, you can see the description here

Thank you so much! Happy Holidays!

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