Need help with Error

So I am following a tutorial and am not sure away around this error and I follow the tutorial to the T how ever the man in the video did not get this problem where I did and not sure how to deal with it.

options = starter_encouragements
  if "encouragements" in db.keys():
    options = options + db["encouragements"]

Ignoring exception in on_ready
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/opt/virtualenvs/python3/lib/python3.8/site-packages/discord/client.py", line 343, in _run_event
    await coro(*args, **kwargs)
  File "main.py", line 56, in on_ready
    options = options + db["encouragements"]
TypeError: can only concatenate list (not "str") to list

If someone could tell me away around this error I would be able to better prepare myself in the future when I hit this error again.

Without having more code to work with, this immediate error indicates that you are attempting to concatenate a string onto a list or vice-versa, which doesn’t work. You can either concatenate lists or concatenate strings or push a string onto a list or stringify a list and concatenate that with a string. Regardless, the concatenation has to be with the same type variables.

A link to the complete code or even better, a live project, would probably get you better help.

Here is the full code, I have it typed the same as the Tutorial but am not sure how I ran into a problem that he didn’t, I understand I have to connect them like a string but not sure where to connect them if I don’t understand the problem.

import discord
import os
import requests
import json
import random
from replit import db

client = discord.Client()

sad_words = ["sad", "depressed", "unhappy", "angry", "miserable"]

starter_encouragements = [
  "Cheer up!",
  "Hang in there.",
  "You are a great person / bot!"
]

if "responding" not in db.keys():
  db["responding"] = True

def get_quote():
  response = requests.get("https://zenquotes.io/api/random")
  json_data = json.loads(response.text)
  quote = json_data[0]["q"] + " -" + json_data[0]["a"]
  return(quote)

def update_encouragements(encouraging_message):
  if "encouragements" in db.keys():
    encouragements = db["encouragements"]
    encouragements.append(encouraging_message)
    db["encouragements"] = encouragements
  else:
    db["encouragements"] = [encouraging_message]

def delete_encouragment(index):
  encouragements = db["encouragements"]
  if len(encouragements) > index:
    del encouragements[index]
  db["encouragements"] = encouragements

@client.event
async def on_ready():
  print("We have logged in as {0.user}".format(client))

@client.event
async def on_message(message):
  if message.author == client.user:
    return

  msg = message.content

  if msg.startswith("$inspire"):
    quote = get_quote()
    await message.channel.send(quote)

  if db["responding"]:
    options = starter_encouragements
    if "encouragements" in db.keys():
      options = options + db["encouragements"]

    if any(word in msg for word in sad_words):
      await message.channel.send(random.choice(options))

  if msg.startswith("$new"):
    encouraging_message = msg.split("$new ",1)[1]
    update_encouragements(encouraging_message)
    await message.channel.send("New encouraging message added.")

  if msg.startswith("$del"):
    encouragements = []
    if "encouragements" in db.keys():
      index = int(msg.split("$del",1)[1])
      delete_encouragment(index)
      encouragements = db["encouragements"]
    await message.channel.send(encouragements)

  if msg.startswith("$list"):
    encouragements = []
    if "encouragements" in db.keys():
      encouragements = db["encouragements"]
    await message.channel.send(encouragements)
    
  if msg.startswith("$responding"):
    value = msg.split("$responding ",1)[1]

    if value.lower() == "true":
      db["responding"] = True
      await message.channel.send("Responding is on.")
    else:
      db["responding"] = False
      await message.channel.send("Responding is off.")

client.run(os.getenv("TOKEN"))

I’ve edited your post for readability. When you enter a code block into a forum post, please precede it with a separate line of three backticks and follow it with a separate line of three backticks to make it easier to read.

You can also use the “preformatted text” tool in the editor (</>) to add backticks around text.

See this post to find the backtick on your keyboard.
Note: Backticks (`) are not single quotes (’).

Thank you! and Noted.