Store data in web browser's storage

Store data in web browser's storage
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In order to manage data handled by your web application, you do not necessarily need a database. The respective Browser Storage features are supported by Chrome (version 4 and higher), Mozilla Firefox (version 3.5 and higher) and Internet Explorer (version 8 and higher), and a range of other browsers including those of iOS and Android.

There are two main possibilities for browser storage:

1. localStorage

Any content/data saved to the localStorage object will be available after the browser has been restarted (closed and opened again). In order to save an item to localStorage, you can use the method setItem(). This method must be handed a key and a value.

Example: localStorage.setItem("mykey","myvalue");

To retrieve the item from the localStorage, the method getItem must be used. The getItem method must be handed the key of the data you would like to retrieve:

  Example: localStorage.getItem("mykey");

You can remove an item from localStorage by using the removeItem() method. This method must be handed the key of the item to be removed:

  Example: localStorage.removeItem("mykey");

To clear the entire localStorage, you should use the clear() method on the localStorage object:

  Example: localStorage.clear();

2. sessionStorage

Items saved in the sessionStorage object will remain until the browser is closed by the user. Then, the storage will be cleared.

You can save an item to sessionStorage, please use the method setItem() on the sessionStorage object:

Example: sessionStorage.setItem("mykey","myvalue");

To retrieve the item from the sessionStorage, the method getItem must be used. The getItem method must be handed the key of the data you would like to retrieve:

  Example: sessionStorage.getItem("mykey");

You can remove an item from sessionStorage by using the removeItem() method. This method must be handed the key of the item to be removed:

  Example: sessionStorage.removeItem("mykey");

To clear the entire sessionStorage, you should use the clear() method on the sessionStorage object:

  Example: sessionStorage.clear();

Saving arrays to localStorage and sessionStorage

You cannot just save single values to the localStorage and sessionStorage, but you can also save the content of an array.

In this example, we have an array with numbers:

var ourArray =[1,2,3,4,5];

We can now save it to localStorage or sessionStorage using the setItem() method:

localStorage.setItem("ourarraykey",JSON.stringify(ourArray));

or, for sessionStorage:

sessionStorage.setItem("ourarraykey",JSON.stringify(ourArray));

In order to be saved, the array must first be converted to a string. In the example shown above, we are using the JSON.stringify method to accomplish this.

When retrieving our data from the localStorage or sessionStorage, convert it back to an array:

var storedArray = localStorage.getItem("ourarraykey");
ourArray = JSON.parse(storedArray);

or, for sessionStorage:

var storedArray = sessionStorage.getItem("ourarraykey");
ourArray = JSON.parse(storedArray);

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