The HTML and CSS Cheat Sheet

This a page that (hopefully) in time will grow to cover the basic and simple HTML and CSS solutions.

Please add to your alternate solutions if you know a different way.

Making a <hr> horizontal rule smaller

    hr {
      width: 75%;
      margin-left: auto;
      margin-right: auto;
    }

Giving a <div> non scrolling background

    #divName {
      padding-top: 50px;
      height: 500px;
      color: #fff;
      background-image: url("your_url.jpg");
      background-repeat: no-repeat;
      background-attachment: fixed;
      background-size: 100%;
    }

Try different values to see the how it affects the div and over in the html

<div id="divName" class="container-fluid">

Vertical alignment (for one line of text)

This can be of use in a CSS navigation menu. The key is to make the height of the menu and the line-height of the text the same.

.nav li{
     line-height:50px;
     height:50px;
 }

More neat tricks can be found here

Drop Caps

A drop caps is a large capital letter letter used at the beginning of a text block.

p:first-letter{
    display:block;
    float:left;
    margin:3px;
    color:#f00;
    font-size:300%;
    }
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