Valid destructuring for a map callback?

Tell us what’s happening:

I want to know if this solution would be a valid destructuring technique (due to I had to point out the object path in order to unpack values, so to speak):

var watchList = [
                 {
                   "Title": "Inception",
                   "Year": "2010",
                   "Rated": "PG-13",
                   "Released": "16 Jul 2010",
                   "Runtime": "148 min",
                   "Genre": "Action, Adventure, Crime",
                   "Director": "Christopher Nolan",
                   "Writer": "Christopher Nolan",
                   "Actors": "Leonardo DiCaprio, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Ellen Page, Tom Hardy",
                   "Plot": "A thief, who steals corporate secrets through use of dream-sharing technology, is given the inverse task of planting an idea into the mind of a CEO.",
                   "Language": "English, Japanese, French",
                   "Country": "USA, UK",
                   "Awards": "Won 4 Oscars. Another 143 wins & 198 nominations.",
                   "Poster": "http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMjAxMzY3NjcxNF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNTI5OTM0Mw@@._V1_SX300.jpg",
                   "Metascore": "74",
                   "imdbRating": "8.8",
                   "imdbVotes": "1,446,708",
                   "imdbID": "tt1375666",
                   "Type": "movie",
                   "Response": "True"
                },
                {
                   "Title": "Interstellar",
                   "Year": "2014",
                   "Rated": "PG-13",
                   "Released": "07 Nov 2014",
                   "Runtime": "169 min",
                   "Genre": "Adventure, Drama, Sci-Fi",
                   "Director": "Christopher Nolan",
                   "Writer": "Jonathan Nolan, Christopher Nolan",
                   "Actors": "Ellen Burstyn, Matthew McConaughey, Mackenzie Foy, John Lithgow",
                   "Plot": "A team of explorers travel through a wormhole in space in an attempt to ensure humanity's survival.",
                   "Language": "English",
                   "Country": "USA, UK",
                   "Awards": "Won 1 Oscar. Another 39 wins & 132 nominations.",
                   "Poster": "http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMjIxNTU4MzY4MF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTgwMzM4ODI3MjE@._V1_SX300.jpg",
                   "Metascore": "74",
                   "imdbRating": "8.6",
                   "imdbVotes": "910,366",
                   "imdbID": "tt0816692",
                   "Type": "movie",
                   "Response": "True"
                },
                {
                   "Title": "The Dark Knight",
                   "Year": "2008",
                   "Rated": "PG-13",
                   "Released": "18 Jul 2008",
                   "Runtime": "152 min",
                   "Genre": "Action, Adventure, Crime",
                   "Director": "Christopher Nolan",
                   "Writer": "Jonathan Nolan (screenplay), Christopher Nolan (screenplay), Christopher Nolan (story), David S. Goyer (story), Bob Kane (characters)",
                   "Actors": "Christian Bale, Heath Ledger, Aaron Eckhart, Michael Caine",
                   "Plot": "When the menace known as the Joker wreaks havoc and chaos on the people of Gotham, the caped crusader must come to terms with one of the greatest psychological tests of his ability to fight injustice.",
                   "Language": "English, Mandarin",
                   "Country": "USA, UK",
                   "Awards": "Won 2 Oscars. Another 146 wins & 142 nominations.",
                   "Poster": "http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMTMxNTMwODM0NF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODAyMTk2Mw@@._V1_SX300.jpg",
                   "Metascore": "82",
                   "imdbRating": "9.0",
                   "imdbVotes": "1,652,832",
                   "imdbID": "tt0468569",
                   "Type": "movie",
                   "Response": "True"
                },
                {
                   "Title": "Batman Begins",
                   "Year": "2005",
                   "Rated": "PG-13",
                   "Released": "15 Jun 2005",
                   "Runtime": "140 min",
                   "Genre": "Action, Adventure",
                   "Director": "Christopher Nolan",
                   "Writer": "Bob Kane (characters), David S. Goyer (story), Christopher Nolan (screenplay), David S. Goyer (screenplay)",
                   "Actors": "Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Katie Holmes",
                   "Plot": "After training with his mentor, Batman begins his fight to free crime-ridden Gotham City from the corruption that Scarecrow and the League of Shadows have cast upon it.",
                   "Language": "English, Urdu, Mandarin",
                   "Country": "USA, UK",
                   "Awards": "Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 15 wins & 66 nominations.",
                   "Poster": "http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BNTM3OTc0MzM2OV5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTYwNzUwMTI3._V1_SX300.jpg",
                   "Metascore": "70",
                   "imdbRating": "8.3",
                   "imdbVotes": "972,584",
                   "imdbID": "tt0372784",
                   "Type": "movie",
                   "Response": "True"
                },
                {
                   "Title": "Avatar",
                   "Year": "2009",
                   "Rated": "PG-13",
                   "Released": "18 Dec 2009",
                   "Runtime": "162 min",
                   "Genre": "Action, Adventure, Fantasy",
                   "Director": "James Cameron",
                   "Writer": "James Cameron",
                   "Actors": "Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Sigourney Weaver, Stephen Lang",
                   "Plot": "A paraplegic marine dispatched to the moon Pandora on a unique mission becomes torn between following his orders and protecting the world he feels is his home.",
                   "Language": "English, Spanish",
                   "Country": "USA, UK",
                   "Awards": "Won 3 Oscars. Another 80 wins & 121 nominations.",
                   "Poster": "http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMTYwOTEwNjAzMl5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwODc5MTUwMw@@._V1_SX300.jpg",
                   "Metascore": "83",
                   "imdbRating": "7.9",
                   "imdbVotes": "876,575",
                   "imdbID": "tt0499549",
                   "Type": "movie",
                   "Response": "True"
                }
];

let rating = watchList.map((movie)=>{
   let title, rating = {title : movie.Title, rating : movie.imdbRating};
   return title, rating;
})

console.log(JSON.stringify(rating));

You are not using any destructuring. Click the Get a Hint button on the challenge to see one way of using destructuring for it.

I see. So If I would to distinguish destructuring from this solution, could I say that with destructuring you don’t need to return something to unpack elements?

In this expression seems that parenthesis are replacing a return statement:

const rating = watchList.map(item => ({
  title: item["Title"],
  rating: item["imdbRating"]
}));
```

According to MDN parenthesis (or declaration) is necessary, otherwise, the left side is considered a block and not a object literal.
What is the difference between a block and an object literal?

Destructuring is just an easy way to obtain only the properties you need and optionally rename them. You can sometimes return the properties or not. It really depends on the use case.

When using an arrow function and the { and }, those curly brackets define a code block. If you use the code block, then you would need to explicitly return the object (like in the example below).

const users = [
  { name: 'Randell', moderator: true },
  { name: 'Leon', moderator: false },
  { name: 'Tony', moderator: false }
];
const names = users.map(({ name }) => {
  return {name};
}); 
console.log(names);  // [ { name: 'Randell' }, { name: 'Leon' }, { name: 'Tony' } ]

To shorten the code, we can not use the { and } for a code block an implicitly return an array of names. We must surround the object literal with parentheses, so JavaScript knows it is an actual object and not a code block

const users = [
  { name: 'Randell', moderator: true },
  { name: 'Leon', moderator: false },
  { name: 'Tony', moderator: false }
];
const names = users.map(({ name }) => ({name})); 
console.log(names);  // [ { name: 'Randell' }, { name: 'Leon' }, { name: 'Tony' } ]
1 Like

Got it Thank you Randell!