Advanced Node and Express: Create New Middleware

Hey there.

I don´t understand how this code works. So, this function is created:

function ensureAuthenticated(req, res, next) {
  if (req.isAuthenticated()) {
    return next();

And then is used as parameter in here:

 .get(ensureAuthenticated, (req,res) => {
    res.render(process.cwd() + '/views/pug/profile');

When “ensureAuthenticated” is used in “app.get”, is the “next()” inside it calling res.render() when a user is authenticated?
What confuses me is that if the function does not have a route, what happens when we use “next()”? What can be the next matching route if there isn´t one?
Also, when this function is inside the “get”, is not called (I mean, I’m not doing “ensureAuthenticated()” . Is it checking if a user is authenticated?

Sorry if my explanation may not be clear, as I am confused myself…

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Challenge: Create New Middleware

Link to the challenge:

Never mind you have not provided the code for the function isAuthenticated().
With the given information and the way the function is used I confirm that this is an authentication test.


  1. The user sends a get-request to the given route (/profile → for example → /exampleProfile = /profile in this case)
  2. Node.js/Express will not directly respond with the /views/pug/profile but will execute the middleware-function (isAuthenticated()) first.
  3. If isAuthenticated() returns “true” Node.js/Express will continue to process the request.
    If isAuthenticated() returns “false” Node.js/Express will redirect the user to “/”.

So in this case “Next()” is used to tell Node.js/Express to go on processing the request.

It might also be worth checking out the docs.

1 Like

Thank you so much for confirming this!

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