Dead Links <a href="#">

Dead Links <a href="#">
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#1

I need clarification on dead links.

In the lesson “Make Dead Links Using the Hash Symbol” in the Basic HTML and HTML5 section, we learned by adding <a href="#"></a>, you create a dead link or still are able to add the a attribute before you have identified a link to include.

In the lesson “Turn an Image into a Link,” we learned that you make an image into a link by adding:
<a href="#"><img src="https://bit.ly/fcc-running-cats" alt="Three kittens running towards the camera."></a>

How come we are nesting theimg attribute within <a href="#"></a>? How can the a attribute function as as a dead link when in reality, the img attribute does have an assigned link?


#2

The url inside the <img> tag is not a link. It’s telling the browser where to fetch the image from. When the webpage loads, the browser will get the image living at https://bit.ly/fcc-running-cats and embed it in the page at that point. If a user clicks on the image, then the browser will navigate to the address it gets from the href attribute of the anchor tag.

The general idea is this:

<a href="http://NAVIGATE/HERE/ON/CLICK"><img src="http://GET/IMAGE/FROM/HERE"></a>