freeCodeCamp Challenge Guide: Create a Circular Queue

Create a Circular Queue


Problem Explanation

  • In this challenge we create a Circular Queue data structure.

  • First, we need to create an array of size with all elements set to null.

  • Then we create an equeue method, which moves the write pointer but doesnt exceed the read pointer.

  • The dequeue method on the other hand, moves the read pointer but doesnt exceed the write pointer.

  • Example:

    • First, we create an array of length 5:
  [null, null, null, null, null]
   ^Read @ 0
   ^Write @ 0
  • Then we enqueue a, b, and c:
  [a, b, c, null, null]
   ^Read @ 0
            ^Write @ 3
  • Now we dequeue all the enqueued items:
  [null, null, null, null, null]
                     ^Read @ 3
                     ^Write @ 3
  • Finally, we enqueue d, e and f:
  [f, null, null, d, e]
                  ^Read @ 3
      ^Write @ 1

Solutions

Solution 1 (Click to Show/Hide)
class CircularQueue {
  constructor(size) {
    this.queue = [];
    this.read = 0;
    this.write = 0;
    this.max = size - 1;

    while (size > 0) {
      this.queue.push(null);
      size--;
    }
  }

  print() {
    return this.queue;
  }

  enqueue(item) {
    if (this.queue[this.write] === null) {
      this.queue[this.write++] = item;

      if (this.write > this.max) this.write = 0;
      return item;
    }
    return null;
  }

  dequeue() {
    if (this.queue[this.read] != null) {
      let item = this.queue[this.read];
      this.queue[this.read++] = null;
      if (this.read > this.max) this.read = 0;
      return item;
    }
    return null;
  }
}

Relevant Links

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