freeCodeCamp Challenge Guide: Post Data with the JavaScript XMLHttpRequest Method

Post Data with the JavaScript XMLHttpRequest Method


Hint

  • Create a new XMLHttpRequest.

  • Call the .open() method on the instance. Pass it the HTTP request method to use, the URL, and the boolean value true for the async parameter.

  • Call the .setRequestHeader() method on the instance. Pass it 'Content-Type' for the header name and 'application/json; charset=UTF-8' for the value.

  • Assign a callback function to the onreadystatechange property on the instance. Inside the callback, use an if statement to check the readyState and status properties for the appropriate values (4 and 200 respectively). Inside the if statement call JSON.parse() with the value from the response property and assign it to a variable.

  • Get the DOM element with the class name message and assign to its textContent property the values from the userName and suffix properties that are on the variable you saved from calling JSON.parse().

  • Call JSON.stringify() and pass it the object { userName: userName, suffix: ' loves cats!' } save the return to a variable named body.

  • Call .send() on the instance. Pass it the body variable.


Solutions

Solution 1 (Click to Show/Hide)

<script>
  document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function(){
    document.getElementById('sendMessage').onclick = function(){

      const userName = document.getElementById('name').value;
      const url = 'https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts';
      // Add your code below this line
      const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
      xhr.open('POST', url, true);
      xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json; charset=UTF-8');
      xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {
        if (xhr.readyState === 4 && xhr.status === 201){
          const serverResponse = JSON.parse(xhr.response);
          document.getElementsByClassName('message')[0].textContent = serverResponse.userName + serverResponse.suffix;
       }
     };
     const body = JSON.stringify({ userName: userName, suffix: ' loves cats!' });
     xhr.send(body);
      // Add your code above this line
    };
  });
</script>

<style>
  body {
    text-align: center;
    font-family: "Helvetica", sans-serif;
  }
  h1 {
    font-size: 2em;
    font-weight: bold;
  }
  .box {
    border-radius: 5px;
    background-color: #eee;
    padding: 20px 5px;
  }
  button {
    color: white;
    background-color: #4791d0;
    border-radius: 5px;
    border: 1px solid #4791d0;
    padding: 5px 10px 8px 10px;
  }
  button:hover {
    background-color: #0F5897;
    border: 1px solid #0F5897;
  }
</style>

<h1>Cat Friends</h1>
<p class="message">
  Reply from Server will be here
</p>
<p>
  <label for="name">Your name:
    <input type="text" id="name"/>
  </label>
  <button id="sendMessage">
    Send Message
  </button>
</p>


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