freeCodeCamp Challenge Guide: Use Middleware to Handle Asynchronous Actions

Use Middleware to Handle Asynchronous Actions


Hints

Hint 1

Treat the dispatch argument as a function and pass the action events in it.

Hint 2

The requestingData action event will be passed first.

Hint 3

The receivedData action event will be passed after the setTimeout function.

This sequence simulates the process of requesting the data, receiving the data and then dispatching the received data.

Hint 4

It is important that the data variable be passed as an argument of receivedData.


Solutions

Solution 1 (Click to Show/Hide)
const REQUESTING_DATA = "REQUESTING_DATA";
const RECEIVED_DATA = "RECEIVED_DATA";

const requestingData = () => {
  return { type: REQUESTING_DATA };
};
const receivedData = data => {
  return { type: RECEIVED_DATA, users: data.users };
};

const handleAsync = () => {
  return function(dispatch) {
    // dispatch request action here

    dispatch(requestingData());

    setTimeout(function() {
      let data = {
        users: ["Jeff", "William", "Alice"]
      };
      // dispatch received data action here

      dispatch(receivedData(data));
    }, 2500);
  };
};

const defaultState = {
  fetching: false,
  users: []
};

const asyncDataReducer = (state = defaultState, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    case REQUESTING_DATA:
      return {
        fetching: true,
        users: []
      };
    case RECEIVED_DATA:
      return {
        fetching: false,
        users: action.users
      };
    default:
      return state;
  }
};

const store = Redux.createStore(
  asyncDataReducer,
  Redux.applyMiddleware(ReduxThunk.default)
);
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