how to fix this error message

I’m following this tutorial on creating a discord bot:

Code a Discord Bot with Python

I’m around 50 mins in, but I’m getting an error message and I don’t know how to fix it.

Can someone help me out?


import discord
import os
import requests
import json
import random
from replit import db

my_secret = os.environ['TOKEN']
client = discord.Client()

sad_words = ["sad", "depressed", "unhappy", "angry", "miserable", "depressing"]

starter_encouragements = ["Cheer up!", "Hang in there.", "You are a great person / bot!", "hahahahlolxdhahahah lmao"]

def get_quote():
  response = requests.get("")
  json_data = json.loads(response.text)
  quote = json_data[0]['q'] + " -" + json_data[0]['a']

def update_encouragements(encouraging_message):
  if "encouragements" in db.keys():
    encouragements = db["encouragements"]
    db["encouragements"] = encouragements
    db["encouragements"] = [encouraging_message]

def delete_encouragement(index):
  encouragements = db["encouragements"]
  if len(encouragements) > index:
    del encouragements[index]
    db["encouragements"] = encouragements

async def on_ready():
    print('We have logged in as {0.user}'.format(client))

async def on_message(message):
  if == client.user:
  msg = message.content

  if msg.startswith('$inspire'):
    quote = get_quote()

  options = starter_encouragements
  if "encouragements" in db.keys():
    options = options + db["encouragements"]
  if any(word in msg for word in sad_words):
  if msg.startswith("$new"):
    encouraging_message = msg.split("$new ", 1)[1]
    await"New encouraging message added.")
  if msg.startswith("$del"):
    encouragements = []
    if "encouragements" in db.keys():
      index = int(msg.split("$del", 1)[1])
      encouragements = db["encouragements"]

Error Message:

Ignoring exception in on_message
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/opt/virtualenvs/python3/lib/python3.8/site-packages/discord/", line 343, in _run_event
    await coro(*args, **kwargs)
  File "", line 55, in on_message
    options = options + db["encouragements"]
TypeError: can only concatenate list (not "ObservedList") to list

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