React, Random Color Change

Hello, FreeCodeCamp users.

I have been working on my first exercise to build an app. The main code is from Codecademy (Color Picker from React101 course).

I have modified the random button. The original code uses one button to generate new color entirely. I have modified it to 4 button to generate separate color component RGBA.

I want to ask something. Could we use only one handleClick to simplify the code? Until right now, the code is one handleClick for one <Button /> so I need 4 handleClicks method.

I’m also looking for some other suggestions for the code to be cleaner and better organized, or maybe some idea to further develop the code.

I’m sorry if my choice of words a bit awkward. Thank you.

import React from 'react';
import './App.css';

class Button extends React.Component {
	render() {
		return (
			<button onClick={this.props.onClick} 
				className={ this.props.light ? 'light-button' : 'dark-button' }

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = {
      red: 10,
      green: 72,
      blue: 129,
      alpha: 1.0,
      test: ''
    this.handleRedClick = this.handleRedClick.bind(this);
    this.handleGreenClick = this.handleGreenClick.bind(this);
    this.handleBlueClick = this.handleBlueClick.bind(this);
    this.handleAlphaClick = this.handleAlphaClick.bind(this);
  componentDidMount() {

  componentDidUpdate(prevProps, prevState) {

  formatColor(r, g, b, a) {
    return `rgba(${r}, ${g}, ${b}, ${a})`;

  isLight() {
    const rgb = + +;
    return rgb < (127 * 3);

  applyColor() {
    const color = this.formatColor(,,, this.state.alpha); = color;

  randomizeValue() {
    let random = 0;
    random = Math.floor(Math.random()*256);
    return random;
  handleRedClick() {
    this.setState({ red: this.randomizeValue() });
  handleGreenClick() {
    this.setState({ green: this.randomizeValue() });
  handleBlueClick() {
    this.setState({ blue: this.randomizeValue() });
  handleAlphaClick() {
    this.setState({ alpha: (this.randomizeValue() / 256).toFixed(2)});

  render() {
    return (
        <h1 className={this.isLight() ? 'white' : 'black'}>
					Your color is {this.formatColor(,,, this.state.alpha)}.
        <div className="col">
          <Button text="Random Red" light={this.isLight()} onClick={this.handleRedClick} />
          <Button text="Random Green" light={this.isLight()} onClick={this.handleGreenClick} />
          <Button text="Random Blue" light={this.isLight()} onClick={this.handleBlueClick} />
          <Button text="Random Alpha" light={this.isLight()} onClick={this.handleAlphaClick} />

export default App;

This is the screenshot of the simple app.


You can use something like this:

handleClick(value) {
    [value]: value === 'alpha'
      ? (this.randomizeValue() / 256).toFixed(2)
      : this.randomizeValue();
1 Like

One is glad to be of service. :slight_smile:

Wow. Thank you. After implementing suggestion from @SpaniardDev, reading link provided by @camperextraordinaire, and reading how to pass parameter to event handler, finally I can use only one handleClick to all of the random button.

Next I want to add input and submit button to change the color that user like. Then the text color will be the inversion of background color.