Why the function executing without calling it

 document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', game(1));

function game(input){

game function should be called when I click on the block with id rock, but game function executing without even calling it . What the hell is going on .

Can you show us other parts of your code? Because there might be part that can cause this to happen.

You are calling the function game(1), the parentheses () are used to invoke a function.

Not sure what the argument 1 is supposed to help with but it doesn’t seem useful to have the value of 1 hardcoded in the function call. Can you please post the full code or a live version so we can get some context to what you are trying to do?

How these two are different ?

document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', game(1));


document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', function(){

Actually I want when I click on #rock then game() function is called with argument 1. Why In the first code the game function executes without triggering the event. While the second code works fine .

document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', game(1));

This is going to call the function game() with the parameter value of 1 when the JavaScript is run/executed.

document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', function(){

This creates an anonymous function that will callback the game(); function with the parameter value of 1 when the element is clicked.

As of why your code runs before is still a question… We can’t really help that much with only this little amount of code information. Can you maybe give us more part of your code so that we can try to troubleshoot what’s wrong with your code, because currently, We don’t even know where the 1 comes from, and the context of it is.

Actually I’m trying to make rock paper scissors game . So I’m trying to make logic , but this function sucks :frowning:

Exactly ! this is what I’m expecting to happen , but this just executes game() without clicking on element. Why is this happening?

No, it will call the function when the page first loads, not when the click event is fired.

The addEventListener method is expecting a callback function, that is just the function definition so it can call it on your behalf when the element the handler is attached to is clicked. If you use () you are just calling the function.

// called on page load
document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', game(1));

// called when the event is triggered
document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', game);

Edit: That is why I asked for some context, I’m trying to figure out what the 1 is used for.

<div id="rock">test</div>

function test(one) {
  console.log(one) // logs 1 when the #rock element is clicked

document.querySelector('#rock').addEventListener('click', () => test(1));

Is it good to go through a book to learn all these concepts in depth . Which book do you recommend .

Not really, I’d suggest MDN and just doing a bunch of projects. You can check out some video tutorials to help you get started as well.

MDN: Learn section
MDN: Client-side web APIs
JavaScript Functions and Helpers

You can search the forum for threads on JavaScript books if you want (here is one Eloquent JavaScript).


As @lasjorg said, MDN Web Docs is the best resource for Web Development. I used a different one, that is basically the same, but I just like that it’s a web app.

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Thank You for suggestion ! You guys are awesome.