What the hell does radix mean and do?

Your code so far

function convertToInteger(str) {
return parseInt(str, 2)
}

const ass = convertToInteger(“10011”);
console.log(ass)

Logs 19? What?

The program converts a String representing a binary number into an integer.
10011 binary is 19.
What is your question?

So radix converts binary into an integer?

Have you actually looked up the word “radix”? The primary definition is what it means here, it isn’t a special JavaScript term, it just means “the base of a system of numeration”.

parseInt tries to convert a string containing a number to an integer. The radix argument tells the function what type of representation is being used in the string, because numbers can be represented in many different ways.

So 10011 is the number 19 written in binary. 23 is the number 19 written in octal. 19 is the number 19 written in decimal. 13 is the number 19 written in hexadecimal.

The number is the same but the characters used to represent it visually are not. The different useful types of representation are categorised by the number of numeric characters available. Binary has two available (0 and 1). Decimal has ten available (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). Hexadecimal has sixteen available (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,a,b,c,d,e,f).

So as an analogy, it is a similar concept w/r/t spoken languages: ship, bateau, Schiff, , корабль, Embarcacion – they all represent the concept of “ship”, they’re just written differently. Say you had written a JS function called “translateWordToEnglish”, it could take a string as the first argument and the language the string was written in for the second, just like parseInt does for numbers.

translateWordToEnglish("bateau", "fr")
translateWordToEnglish("корабль", "ru")
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I would suggest you always look up the method/function on MDN and read the documentation. In this case (parseInt), it also gives a link to the Wiki on radix.